Protecting routes in Angular 👮‍♂️

Protecting specific routes in Angular is a common use-case. Most applications will have some logged in section.

Yesterday we created a login service, so that someone can log in to our application.

But having this, we are also able to go to the home route not being logged in.

That's weird because we don't have a user and see nothing.

Home page available

Let's fix that and make home a protected route.

Creating our auth guard

Firs let's open the terminal and generate a new service.

ng generate service guards/AuthGuard

This will generate the auth.guard service inside the guards folder.

import { Injectable } from "@angular/core";
import {
  ActivatedRouteSnapshot,
  CanActivate,
  Router,
  RouterStateSnapshot,
} from "@angular/router";
import { AuthService } from "../services/auth.service";

@Injectable({providedIn: 'root'});
export class AuthGuardService implements CanActivate {

  constructor(private router: Router, private authService: AuthService) {}

  canActivate(route: ActivatedRouteSnapshot, state: RouterStateSnapshot) {
      const currentUser = this.authService.userValue;
      if (currentUser) {
          return true;
      }
      this.router.navigate(['/login']);
      return false;
  }
}

We make use of the CanActivate method to intercept if this route can become active. We will place this in the routing in a second.

Then we overwrite this actual function and check if we have a current user value in our authService.

If we do, it's fine, and the route can return true (valid route). Else we redirect the user to the login page.

Implementing the auth guard

To implement the auth guard we just created, we need to modify our app-routing.module.ts.

import { AuthGuardService } from './guards/auth-guard.service';

const routes: Routes = [
  // Other routes
  { path: 'home', component: HomeComponent, canActivate: [AuthGuardService] },
];

You see it's as simple as passing the canActive option with out custom AuthGuardService.

Now, if we visit the home page without being logged in, we will be redirected to login.

Once we log in, we will be able to see the page.

Auth Guard in Angular

You can also find this code on GitHub.

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Comments (4)

Braydon Coyer's photo

Great stuff! Would also love to see articles on how to write unit tests for each of these articles! :)

Show +1 replies
Braydon Coyer's photo

Chris Bongers

Absolutely! Would love to help if you wanted to work on it together!

Chris Bongers's photo

Braydon Coyer That would be amazing Braydon! Let me know how we can progress that!