Kubernetes 101 - CLI kubectl
3 min read
Yesterday we set up our Kubernetes dashboard and used something called
kubectl. This is a command line interface for communicating with the Kubernetes control plane.
In the article, we didn't go into detail on how to install and use it, so that this article will help you with that.
We can run either of the following commands to install the tool.
# MacOS (Homebrew) brew install kubectl # MacOs (Curl - Intel) curl -LO "https://dl.k8s.io/release/$(curl -L -s https://dl.k8s.io/release/stable.txt)/bin/darwin/amd64/kubectl"= # MacOs (Curl - Silicon) curl -LO "https://dl.k8s.io/release/$(curl -L -s https://dl.k8s.io/release/stable.txt)/bin/darwin/arm64/kubectl" # Windows curl.exe -LO "https://dl.k8s.io/release/v1.25.0/bin/windows/amd64/kubectl.exe"
To verify your installation is correct, run the following command.
It outputs if the cluster is running and you're connected to it.
The command syntax
Before diving into the commands, let's look at the basic command syntax for
A typical command is structured like this:
kubectl [command] [type] [name] [flags]
Where the following mean:
command: Describes the operation we are executing. Examples are
type: Describes the type of resource we are trying to interact with, examples being
name: Describes a particular name of a resource. If you omit this, your command will execute on all target resource types.
flags: Describes unique options for the command. These vary per command.
kubectl can do many amazing things, but let's look at some of the most valuable commands you want to know.
The first ones are around resources, as often we want to see which resources exist.
# List all services in the namespace kubectl get services # List all pods in all namespaces kubectl get pods --all-namespaces # List all pods in the current namespace with more details kubectl get pods -o wide # List all pods in the namespace kubectl get pods # Get a pod's YAML kubectl get pod my-pod -o yaml
Then in some cases, you might want to delete resources.
# Delete a pod using the type and name specified in pod.json kubectl delete -f ./pod.json # Delete a pod with no grace period kubectl delete pod unwanted --now # Delete pods and services with the same names, "baz" and "foo" kubectl delete pod, service baz foo # Delete all pods and services in namespace my-ns kubectl -n my-ns delete pod,svc --all
It's often also super handy to get some logs for a running pod. This can help you debug if it's stuck in some loop, for instance.
# dump pod logs (stdout) kubectl logs my-pod # dump pod logs, with label name=myLabel (stdout) kubectl logs -l name=myLabel # stream pod logs (stdout) kubectl logs -f my-pod
Another helpful element is being able to set up new configurations and resources. Kubernetes uses the apply command for this, and we can apply specific yaml files like this.
# create resource(s) kubectl apply -f ./my-manifest.yaml # create from multiple files kubectl apply -f ./my1.yaml -f ./my2.yaml
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